• Martin Châtelet

CONGO HUMANITARIAN ANALYSIS TEAM MONTHLY REPORT - MERCY CORPS

Mis à jour : juin 16

In Ituri, there was an overall increase in insecurity, with attacks in Irumu, Mambasa, and

Djugu perpetuated by numerous armed groups. The URDPC continued to attack civilians and engaged in clashes with the FARDC in Djugu and Mahagi, despite in-fighting between factions.

Hostilities between armed group coalitions in Masisi and Rutshuru persisted in North Kivu. The RPRC platform threatened to attack groups outside their coalition and engaged in clashes in Walikale and Lubero. The ADF conducted repeated attacks in Halungupa and their discourse became more political, threatening to convert Beni’s population to Islam. Their progressive return to Beni territory aimed at regaining control of

their previous bases.

In South Kivu, there was an increase in the presence of Burundian armed groups in the Ruzizi Plains. The presence of Mai Mai Malaika from Maniema is a potential risk, though no attacks were reported in April. Bijombo, previously a hotspot of intercommunal violence in the Minembwe highlands, saw calm. However, there was an uptick in violence not far from the commune of Minembwe despite the ceasefire signed last month.

In Tanganyika, Twa armed groups continued to attack Bantu civilians, with a rise in kidnappings and robberies. The Mai Mai Apa na Pale increased their attacks in Bendera, Kalemie. The risk of a spillover from the Minembwe crisis is imminent as both armed actors and herders crossed from South Kivu.

In Maniema, in-fighting between Mai Mai Malaika factions occurred and exactions against

the local population in Salamabila continued. The presence of additional armed groups from

both Tanganyika and South Kivu in Salamabila risks a degeneration of the conflict.

Days before the declaration of the end of Ebola, a new positive case was identified. In total,

seven new cases were confirmed in April, one of whom fled the Ebola Treatment Center in Beni and remained unfound. The resurgence of Ebola was poorly received, with calls for protests and violence against the response.

Cases of COVID-19 continued to rise in Kinshasa, as did fears of the spread of the virus to other parts of the country. A total of 16 cases were confirmed in other provinces throughout April. Social distancing measures and the isolation of some affected cities were implemented. Anti-COVID-19 narratives circulated in Beni, tying the return of Ebola to INGOs and the WHO not wanting to lose funding.

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